Stabilisation And Association Agreement (Saa)

Successive amendments to the agreement were introduced in the original document. This consolidated version is only of documentary value. The decision is in effect on February 26, 2009 and the agreement since April 1, 2009. On 7 November, the EU and Serbia signed a Stabilization and Association Agreement (ASA). This agreement, which defines the respective rights and obligations of the signatories, provides a framework for the implementation of the reforms that will bring this potential candidate country closer to the EU. Stabilization and association agreements are part of the EU Stabilisation and Association Process (PSA) and the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP). At present, the countries of the Western Balkans are at the heart of the PSA. Specific Stabilization and Association Agreements (ASAs) have been implemented with various Balkan countries, which contain explicit provisions for the country`s future accession to the EU. The SAAs resemble in principle the European agreements signed in the 1990s with the countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the association agreement with Turkey. The agreement with Kosovo was the first to be signed after the Lisbon Treaty came into force, which brought down the EU`s legal personality. [2] [3] An EU representative in Kosovo stated that «unlike the ASA with other countries in the region, this agreement will be exclusively the EU agreement. The EU will sign them as a legal entity. [4] The agreement did not have to be ratified individually by each Member State, some of which did not recognize Kosovo`s independence.

[5] The representative added: «Since Kosovo is not recognised by the five Member States, we had to adopt a directive stating that the signing of the agreement will not mean that the EU or any of the countries will recognise Kosovo as a state.» [4] The ASA stresses the importance of the rule of law and the strengthening of institutions at all levels. Cooperation focuses on a number of specific areas, including: the ASA is based on a number of key principles. Albania agrees that the effective signing of the ASA has not yet taken place and depends on Serbia`s full cooperation with the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) in The Hague. Speaking before the plenary session of the European Parliament on 24 October, Enlargement Commissioner Olli Rehn said that the signing of the ASA was «within reach» but would require full cooperation with the ICTY, which would lead to the arrest and transfer to The Hague of the four remaining criminals charged. In discussions with countries that have expressed a desire to join the European Union, the EU generally enters into association agreements in exchange for commitments on political, economic, trade or human rights reforms in that country. In return, the country may be offered duty-free access to some or all EU markets (industrial goods, agricultural products, etc.) as well as financial or technical assistance. The ASAs rely mainly on the EU`s EU acquis and are based on their enactment in the legislation of the cooperating countries. The political harmonisation expected by the ASA is lower than for EU Member States; Some areas of action of the Community acquis may not fall under a specific ASA.